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Think You're Getting the Lowest Price on Amazon? Think Again; California Attorney General Rob Bonta Sues Amazon Over Antitrust and Unfair Business Practices

Amazon is no stranger to lawsuits from consumers, U.S. lawmakers and regulators targeting Amazon's anti-competitive business practices, consumer injuries, counterfeit and fraudulent items, and deaths.

September 15, 2022, Los Angeles, CA – A lawsuit filed by CA Attorney General Rob Bonta, targets Amazon's dealings with third-party merchants and suppliers. Amazon penalizes sellers and suppliers that offer lower prices at other internet sites, including Walmart and Target.

Amazon seller sanctions included disqualifying them from winning the "Buy Box" (the box containing the "Add to Cart" button on the listing page the shopper clicks to add the product to their cart), demoting seller listings to the bottom of Amazon's organic search results, and blocking sellers from creating new listings in their third-party seller accounts altogether.

The lawsuit alleges "Amazon makes consumers think they are getting the lowest prices possible when in fact, they cannot get the low prices that would prevail in a freely competitive market because Amazon has coerced and induced its third-party sellers and wholesale suppliers to enter into anti-competitive agreements on price. The intent and effect of these agreements is to insulate Amazon from price competition, entrenching Amazon's dominance, preventing effective competition, and harming consumers and the California economy."

Sellers pay Amazon a transaction fee, and often pay for Amazon's fulfillment services, advertising, and other offerings. Because of Amazon's market power over third-party sellers and wholesale suppliers, Amazon can -- and does -- charge substantially higher fees and demand substantially higher profitability on its sales of their products than it could in a competitive market.

The heavily redacted Amazon complaint cites internal Amazon documents.

Amazon is no stranger to lawsuits from consumers, U.S. lawmakers and regulators targeting Amazon's anti-competitive business practices, consumer injuries, counterfeit and fraudulent items, and deaths. Amazon recently proposed a settlement with European antitrust regulators, who charged the company with violating competition laws. The key allegations accused Amazon of using data it collected from third-party sellers to its own benefit.

Dharmesh M. Mehta, Vice President of Worldwide Customer Trust and Partner Support, represented Amazon before the United States House of Representatives Subcommittee on Consumer Protection and Commerce on March 4, 2020. Mehta is responsible for and leads the team dedicated to preventing fraud, counterfeits, fake reviews, and other forms of abuse from harming Amazon customers, brands, and selling partners. His testimony about Amazon's business practices and behavior is a shocking confirmation of Amazon's reprehensible and manipulative global system of counterfeits, fraud, deception, misrepresentation, and false advertising.

An exclusive report by The Wall Street Journal's Dana Mattioli identifies the March 9, 2022 letter sent to U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland by Democratic and Republican members of the House Judiciary Committee. At issue are Amazon's responses to lawmakers' inquiries about how it uses the data of third-party sellers on its platform when creating private-label products and how it treats those Amazon brands in its search results.

The House Judiciary Committee's published bipartisan investigation examined whether Amazon engages in anti-competitive conduct, anti-competition practices, and whether existing antitrust laws, competition policies, and current enforcement levels are adequate to address these issues.

Amazon is the dominant online retail store in the United States and a critical outlet and distribution channel for many merchants. For hundreds of thousands of third-party sellers, Amazon sales are effectively their entire business -- if they lose Amazon, they lose their livelihood.


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