Skyrocketing Meth Addiction Rate in West Hollywood Fueled, In Part, By Dating Apps
"Grindr is the number one gay dating app, a lot of people use it to make friendships, or form relationships or one night stands", s
September 4, 2021
(8/31/21) A West Hollywood community advocate is working to shine a light on the dark practice of chemsex and the way its discussed on dating apps like Grindr. Chemsex is the practice of using certain drugs (meth, GHB, cocaine, MDMA/ecstasy) to enhance sexual experiences. Chemsex is popular among gay men, many of whom use the app Grindr to make connections.
"Grindr is the number one gay dating app, a lot of people use it to make friendships, or form relationships or one night stands", said Justin Brennan, a 5 year West Hollywood resident who started the community group Get it Together, a community group formed to push for solutions that support the health and well-being of West Hollywood.
Two academic studies found that men who have sex with men (MSM) use social networking apps like Grindr, Scruff and Jack'd to arrange chemsex parties, acquire or sell drugs, sell sex in exchange for drugs, or to find sexual encounters that involve drugs, usually crystal meth. Research studies also found that MSM reported more use of crystal meth, ecstasy, cocaine and alcohol when meeting on the apps, compared to when meeting in person. As of 2015, men who have sex with men (MSM) used meth at least 4 times more than the general population and 50% of MSM use drugs solely for sexual purposes.
"What I've noticed, in the last few years, its more blatant broadcasting of selling or buying or wanting to do meth, and then its like a straight to it approach where we used to say Hi, we used to say How are you. A lot of times its straight to, Hey, do you party? Hey, do you do meth or party and play?"said Brennan.
Brennan brought the issue to the attention of the West Hollywood Project's Safe WeHo Community Coalition, which works to reduce community harms caused by alcohol and drugs. In 2019, The West Hollywood Project hosted a community forum on the rise of meth overdoses fueled by chemsex. Meth-related overdoses are continuing to rise dramatically in L.A. County.
From March through December, 2020 accidental overdose deaths increased 52% in L.A. County, compared to the same time period in 2019. Most of the overdose deaths involved meth and fentanyl and 77% of the overdose deaths occurred among men.
Additionally, from January 2019 through December 2020, Service Planning Area (SPA) 4 where West Hollywood is located, had the highest accidental drug overdose rate in L.A. County, and the highest rates of meth-related ED visits and hospitalizations of all ages combined. These overdose deaths are primarily attributed to meth. In recent West Hollywood surveys, respondents said "open meth use" at events (74 percent) and in bars and clubs (68 percent) were issues harming the community.
The rising popularity of social connection apps makes the availability of obtaining meth much easier which contributes to the rising addiction problem. Meth's uniquely addictive properties make recovery challenging and recidivism likely.
"Meth has always been present on the (Grindr) app," said Justin Brennan. "I would say in the last 5-6 years it's become a much heavier presence, a much more aggressive tone and then oddly, with new ownership at Grindr, there doesn't seem to be any tighter guardrails or boundaries, to combat the prevalence of it, they don't address the chemsex crisis at all," said Brennan.
Federal law protects Grindr (and all social networking apps) from liability for any illegal activity that happens on their app. However, several social apps flag accounts and detect potential drug selling drug or other illegal activities. Brennan would like to see Grindr acknowledge their role in this crisis and focus on new solutions informed by ongoing conversations with all affected communities.
"They are a very successful app that generates close to a 100 million annually, I heard maybe 40 million in profit annually, I don't know that there is any other corporation this large that makes its money solely from the pockets of the LGBTQ community," said Brennan. "The questions that need to be asked are what level of responsibility does a corporation have? And how much should they give back to a community that gives so much to them?"
The Safe WeHo Community Coalition will discuss this issue at its next (virtual) meeting on September 29th, 2021. Brennan's comments on meth use and the Grindr app are part of a new video interview series by IPS' West Hollywood Project, called LA-SOS (Los Angeles Strategies and Solutions).
"We work to change public policies, and rely on input from the public to do so. L.A. S-O-S video series helps to bring policy issues to life, by having candid conversations with people who have a direct, personal connection to these issues. These conversations make our project goals much clearer and provide actionable steps for people to take, to help make positive changes in their communities," said Sarah Blanch, VP for Organizational Development at IPS.
Cynthia Nickerson is the Media Specialist for Institute for Public Strategies, which is a public health nonprofit. She has an MS in Health Communications. Institute for Public Strategies advocates for policies and programs to reduce the community level harms caused by alcohol and drugs.